What’s the big deal?

European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) have been introduced to every continent except Antarctica. In BC, they are established on Southern Vancouver Island, Triangle Island, and in isolated patches around the Lower Mainland.

European Rabbit
Need Caption

Invasive species are the second greatest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss.

They are a global problem, a Canadian problem, and a British Columbia problem. Understanding their negative impacts on our environment, economy, and health, is a good first step in taking action to stop their spread.

What’s the difference?

The Climate Change Connection

Climate change exacerbates just about every problem.
And invasive species are no exception.

In 2021, extreme climate events in BC introduced an urgent new reality. Wildfires and flooding help clear the way for invasive species to spread their seeds further and more aggressively than ever before. These extreme events also wipe out work done to remove invasive species and restore habitats to their natural states. Some invasive plants can even power up a wildfire, literally adding fuel to the fire due to their naturally flammable qualities.

Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius) and Gorse (Ulex europaeus) are two such species.

Both are common in BC, produce lots of seeds, spread rapidly, and thrive in disturbed areas. Their branches are very oily by nature, and they can help a wildfire rage.

The impact of English ivy (Hedera helix) also gets more concerning with climate change.

This evergreen climbing vine, common throughout the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island, grows up native trees adding weight and stress to canopies, making trees more susceptible to storms and extreme winds. It means trees don’t live as long and their important work absorbing carbon dioxide, and turning it into oxygen is drastically reduced.

They threaten Indigenous ways of life

Indigenous people have a sacred relationship with the land. Indigenous practices, traditions and ways of life are threatened by many things, including invasive species.

BC’s MOST

Not all invasive species are equal. In fact, a small number of invasive species are responsible for a lot of the damage.

Eurasian Watermilfoil

Myriophyllum spicatum

LEARN TO IDENTIFY
Scotch broom

Cytisus scoparius

LEARN TO IDENTIFY
Cheatgrass

Bromus tectorum

LEARN TO IDENTIFY
Diffuse Knapweed

Centaurea diffusa

LEARN TO IDENTIFY
Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

LEARN TO IDENTIFY
Orange Hawkweed

Hieracium aurantiacum

LEARN TO IDENTIFY

These six invasive species alone caused an estimated $65 MILLION in damage in 2008.

Source: ISCBC Report: Economic Impacts of Invasive Plants in British Columbia

They decrease agricultural productivity

It’s estimated that the BC agriculture industry loses over $50 million each year in crop productivity caused by invasive species. Whether it’s knapweed infesting rangelands and reducing forage quality, or the many other species that out-compete desired species in cultivated fields, it all leads to reduced yields and higher food costs.

$14.5 million

The estimated cost of annual crop damage caused by Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) in BC.

Source: BC Ministry of Agriculture, ‘Economic Risk Analysis: British Columbia and the Japanese Beetle,’ 2017

$19 million

The estimated cost of annual crop damage caused by European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in BC.

Source: Preliminary Damage Estimates for Selected Invasive Fauna in B.C.

They damage forests.

Native plant species often take decades to grow, slowly creating intricate, deep, and healthy root systems in the forest floor. In contrast, invasive plants often grow rapidly with weak, shallow, or tap roots. When they out-compete native species, environments become more susceptible to erosion, landslides, and damaging sediment run-off.

They damage coastal areas.

Marshlands, wetlands, and tidal zones are critical ecosystems. Just as human kidneys extract waste from our blood and balance bodily fluids, wetlands can clean the water that flows through them, mitigate large flood events and recharge underground aquifers. When invasive aquatic plants are introduced, they quickly crowd out native species that act as natural filters, and disrupt the delicate symbiotic system.

They reduce water quality

Forest erosion from invasive species impacts water health, quality, and turbidity. They impact ocean temperatures and cause flooding. Bacteria and diseased run-off can cause harm to people swimming in infected waters, to our drinking water, and to the aquatic species that live in the waters we use for fishing.

They impede access to recreational areas.

Many invasive plants grow so quickly they can block access to trails, beaches, and streams. Getting rid of them is tricky, and often costly, because they can’t simply be removed and transferred to another jurisdiction or location.

They can seriously damage infrastructure

Infrastructure damaged by invasive species costs municipalities and provinces millions in repairs and lost productivity each year.

Source: Connelly, N. A., O’Neill, C. R., Knuth, B. A., & Brown, T. L. (2007). Economic Impacts of Zebra Mussels on Drinking Water Treatment and Electric Power Generation Facilities. Environmental Management, 40(1), 105–112

They reduce property values

Invasive species devalue both public and private property by:

1

Rendering the
property unusable

2

Causing damage
to properties

3

Increasing maintenance
and operation costs

In BC all four Knotweed varieties – Giant, Japanese, Himalayan, and Bohemian – are a major source of property damage.

These noxious weeds grow up to 10cm per day, spread quickly, and are very difficult to control. Their roots and rhizomes grow through weak points in masonry, wood, concrete, and pavement causing damage to building structures and foundations, retaining walls and fences, driveways and parking lots. They also block and lift drainage pipes, clogging sumps and drainage pits, and destroy underground cabling.

They increase control and management costs.

Every year, invasive species cost farmers and ranchers in BC an estimated $50 million in crop revenue. And in order to combat the problem, they must spend extra time and money on expensive control measures.

Source: BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. 1998. Integrated weed management—an introductory manual.

They can restrict
cross-border trade

When invasive species taint crops or livestock, the countries we export to can impose restrictions that lower the price we get for those goods. Our trade partners can even stop accepting our exports entirely.

Nature Needs You.

Now that you’ve seen some of the ways invasive species impact our environment, economy, and health, it’s time to take action.

Identify

Learn to identify invasive species.

REPORT

Report invasive species you
have identified.

Play your part

Stop the spread of invasive species with these simple best practices.

DONATE

Support our essential work with a tax deductible donation.