Invasive Species Council of British Columbia
Invasive Plant

Orange hawkweed

Hieracium aurantiacum

About This Species

Orange hawkweed (Orange hawk bit, Fox-and-cubs) can create dense mats that crowd out native plants. It was an ornamental garden plant introduced from Europe. Hawkweeds spread quickly through above ground runners, horizontal roots, and seeds. Agriculture and recreational activities, wildlife, and wind can help the spread of hawkweeds. One plant can produce hundreds of seeds. Orange hawkweed is designated as a Regional Noxious Weed by the BC Weed Control Act, as well as a Management species by the BC Provincial Priority Invasive Species List. 

How to Identify

Orange hawkweed grows from 30-60 cm in height with a hairy stem, that contains a milky fluid when broken open. 

Flowers are a bright orange-red cluster at the top.

Leaves are bristly-hairy with few to no leaves being found on the stem.   

Take Action

Prevention is the best approach.

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Learn about best practices



Learn about best practices

A few non-invasive alternatives to plant instead of Orange hawkweed include:

  • Arkwright’s campion (Lychnis x arkwrightii)
  • Pinks and Carnations (Dianthus spp. and hybrids)
  • Alpine aster (Aster alpinus subsp. vierhapperi)
  • Heart-leaved arnica (Arnica cordifolia)
  • Blanket flower (Gaillardia aristata)


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