Invasive Animal

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

About This Species

European starlings were introduced to North America in the late 1800s and have since established from Alaska to Mexico. They are found throughout BC, especially around cities. They nest in trees and human-built structures and are very aggressive when looking for nesting sites. Starlings will easily out-compete native birds and can even kill larger birds when competing for nesting sites.

European starlings reproduce rapidly. A breeding pair can produce two clutches of 4-6 eggs in a year, and fledglings leave the nest 5-6 weeks after eggs are laid. Eggs are typically laid in May.

European starlings are omnivores and compete with native birds for food and space. In agricultural areas, they cause serious damage in vineyards and orchards by feeding on fruit. They feed and travel in small flocks.

How to Identify

European starlings are 20 cm long with black glossy plumage with many small light spots. Their feathers have a metallic sheen in the sunlight, and may appear greenish or blueish. Their beaks are bright yellow in the summer and turn black in the winter.

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Take Action

Put up birdboxes with ¾ – 1¼ inch holes, too small for starlings but perfect for many native songbirds. If you have a large property, you can encourage birds of prey to visit and hunt by providing a tall perching pole or maintaining tall trees.

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