Invasive Plant

Giant Knotweed

Reynoutria sachalinensis
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Warning

All knotweeds species in BC can grow through concrete and asphalt, damaging infrastructure. This can result in significant control, management, and repair costs.

About This Species

Knotweeds were introduced to British Columbia for use in gardens and landscaping due to their rapid growth and attractive appearance. There are now four species established in BC: Bohemian, Giant, Himalayan, and Japanese knotweed. Knotweeds grow aggressively and are very hard to kill. Giant knotweed is the largest of the species, with leaves about twice the size as those found on the other species. They are widespread throughout the province, and are often found in riparian areas, derelict land, road and railway right of ways and gardens. They thrive in moist soil and full or partial sun. Knotweeds can spread by seed, root fragments, and stem fragments, making them very difficult to control. Knotweeds are considered noxious weeds in BC.

How to Identify

Giant knotweeds have attractive plumes of small, white to green flowers in the spring. Leaves are predominantly heart- to triangular-shaped, 16-20 cm wide, 30 cm in length. Giant knotweed has bamboo-like hollow green stems, sometimes with reddish-brown speckles up to 5 m in height.
Stems may persist through the winter as bare, grey- or straw-coloured hollow stalks.

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A few non-invasive alternatives to plant instead of Giant Knotweed include:

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