European brown garden snail
About This Species
European brown garden snail is present in Southern BC and Vancouver Island. This snail eats a wide variety of ornamental and agricultural crops and will compete with native snail and slug species for food and habitat. The exact extent of damage caused by this species is unknown, but it is considered highly invasive. Therefore, all efforts should be made to eradicate it from areas where it has become established.
These snails can reproduce up to once per month under ideal conditions. They are hermaphrodites, meaning each snail has male and female sexual organs, and during copulation eggs are fertilized in both snails. Eggs are laid in small nest cavities 2.5-4 cm underground containing an average of 86 eggs.
This snail is quite hardy, and can survive temperatures as cold as -10 °C. When temperatures drop below 4.5 °C, they bury themselves in soil and seal their shells off with mucous, becoming dormant until warm weather returns.
How to Identify
European brown garden snails may be confused with local species such as the Pacific Sideband (Monadenia fidelis) and the Oregon Forestsnail (Allogona townsendiana). Juveniles may be confused with the Brown-lipped Snail (Cepaea nemoralis), another invasive species.
European brown garden snails can be distinguished by its shell. The shell can be up to 3.5 cm wide, making this one of the largest snails in BC The shell has 4-4.5 whorls, and the last whorl before the shell opening is much larger than the rest. The shell never has stripes, and the body of the snail is a light brown.
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