Invasive Species Council of British Columbia
Grow Me Instead

Deer fern

Blechnum spicant

About This Species

Zone 5a BC Native

Grow me instead of English ivy

This native, upright evergreen fern has two types of fronds: the vegetative fronds which are the typical divided green leaves, and the reproductive fronds which emerge green but mature to dark brown to black shoots, resembling twigs. Deer fern thrives in cool, shady, moist environments like that of its native understory habitat. Deer fern is evergreen and remains attractive all year long!

When selecting non-invasive plants for your garden, be sure to look for those that are suitable for your location, including moisture requirements, hardiness zone, and avoidance of known bear attractants among other factors.

Plant Special Features

  • Fire smart
  • Bear smart

Moisture Requirements


Moist but well-drained conditions