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Parrot's Feather

A popular aquatic garden plant that spreads with water currents, animals, boats/trailers and fishing gear. Dense stands can stagnate water, and increase breeding grounds for mosquitoes learn more »

Zebra/Quagga Mussels

These tiny freshwater mussels clog drains, damage infrastructure, and are very costly to control/eradicate learn more »

Giant Hogweed

A towering toxic invasive plant with WorkSafe BC regulations learn more »

European Fire Ant

A tiny ant with a toxic sting learn more »

Purple Loosestrife

An aggressive wetland invader that threatens plant and animal diversity learn more »

Orange Hawkweed

Also yellow, these invasive plants replace native vegetation along roadsides, and threaten areas not yet reforested learn more »

Japanese Knotweed

Grows aggressively through concrete, impacting roads and house foundations learn more »

Spotted Knapweed

A single plant spreads rapidly with up to 140,000 seeds per square metre learn more »

Scotch Broom

An evergreen shrub that invades rangelands, replaces forage plants, causes allergies in people, and is a serious competitor to conifer seedlings learn more »

Spotted & Diffuse Knapweed

Species
Centaurea biebersteinii & Centaurea diffusa

Spotted (Centaurea biebersteinii) and diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa) are biennial to short-lived perennials, and considered regionally noxious under the BC Weed Control Act. Currently distributed throughout southern BC, both spotted and diffuse knapweed are a major concern in the Omineca, Peace River, Kootenay, Okanagan, Thompson, and Cariboo regions.

Diffuse knapweed has hairy, greyish-green, split leaves on many branches growing from a single upright stem. The flowers are white or sometimes purple, with small, sharp, rigid spines on the bracts. Spotted knapweed has hairy, deeply-cut leaves and purple flowers (occasionally white) on one or more upright stems. Flowerhead lower leaves have a black-tipped fringe that gives a spotted appearance. Diffuse and spotted knapweed both have a taproot and grow to around 1 metre in height.

Spotted knapweed is a prolific seed producer, with individual plants producing up to 140,000 seeds per square metre. Seeds and plant fragments make their way into hay and the undercarriages of vehicles, allowing for new infestations over great distances. Diffuse knapweed plants can produce up to 18,000 seeds that can remain dormant in the soil for years. Both knapweeds spread by wind, livestock and people, preferring open areas and well-drained soils where they establish in grasslands, open forests, and along roadsides. Spotted is more intolerant to dense shade and prefers moister habitats than diffuse; however, spotted is still a problem in forested areas disturbed by logging, fire, or other factors. Diffuse cannot tolerate cultivation or excessive moisture and is therefore uncommon on cultivated land. They choke out desirable forage for livestock and wildlife and increase soil erosion.

Warning: Contact with spotted knapweed can cause skin irritation.

TIPS Factsheets

Gallery: Knapweed